بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر تمایل زعفران کاران به کشت زعفران ارگانیک

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

2 دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد کشاورزی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

10.22048/jsat.2020.233393.1398

چکیده

در دهه های اخیر با توجه به فراگیر شدن کشاورزی ارگانیک در سراسر دنیا، اهمیت سلامت خاک، انسان و اکوسیستم، تولید غذای ارگانیک و سالم برای جمعیت رو به رشد و افزایش سهم کشوری در بازارهای جهانی محصولات ارگانیک، توسعه کشاورزی ارگانیک در ایران رواج یافته است. به همین منظور در این مقاله تلاش شده است تا میزان تمایل به دریافت زعفران کاران برای کشت زعفران ارگانیک نسبت به محصول متعارف و عوامل مؤثر بر آن مورد بررسی قرار گیرد. جامعه آماری تحقیق زعفران کاران تربت حیدریه و زاوه می باشد که براساس جدول بارتلت و همکاران، حجم نمونه 380 نفر تعیین شد. برای نمونه گیری و انتخاب افراد در جامعه از روش نمونه گیری تصادفی طبقه ای و جهت تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها از الگوی دومرحله ای هکمن توبیت استفاده شد. داده های این پژوهش از پرسشنامه های تکمیل شده توسط زعفران کاران منطقه تربت حیدریه در سال 1398 جمع آوری گردید. نتایج این پژوهش حاکی از آن است که متغیرهای تجربه، تحصیلات، مصرف کود دامی و شاخص آگاهی در مدل پروبیت تأثیر مثبت و معنی دار و متغیرهای شغل اصلی و مصرف کود شیمیایی تأثیر منفی و معنی داری بر پذیرش کشت زعفران ارگانیک دارند. نتایج همچنین نشان دادند که متغیر نگرش منفی نسبت به کشت ارگانیک در الگوی رگرسیون خطی معنادار و مثبت می باشد. بنابراین نگرش منفی موجب تمایل به دریافت مبلغ بیشتر کشاورزان برای تولید زعفران ارگانیک می گردد. متغیرهای تجربه، تحصیلات و شغل اصلی در الگوی رگرسیون خطی تأثیر مثبت و معنی دار و متغیرهای درآمد، سطح زیرکشت و سن مزرعه تأثیر منفی و معناداری بر تمایل به مبلغ دریافتی کشاورزان برای کشت زعفران ارگانیک دارند. بر اساس نتایج، پیشنهاد می شود که زعفران کاران اطلاعات کاملی درمورد مدیریت مزارع ارگانیک، بازار فروش محصولات ارگانیک از طرق مختلف کسب نمایند. ضمنا ضرورت دارد شرایطی فراهم آید که زعفران کاران تازه کار از تجارب زعفران کاران باتجربه استفاده نمایند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study the factors contributing to the tendency of saffron farmers to cultivate organic saffron

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohammad reza kohansal 1
  • Malihe sheibani 2
1 عضو هیات علمی
2 Ph.D candidate in Agricultural Economics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
چکیده [English]

In recent decades, due to the universal of organic agriculture around the world, the importance of soil, human and ecosystem health, production of organic and healthy food for the growing population and increasing the country's share in the global markets of organic products, the development of organic agriculture is widespread in Iran. Therefore, in this paper, an attempt has been made to study the tendency to adopt of saffron farmers for production of organic saffron Compared to the conventional product and the factors affecting it. The statistical population of the study is saffron farmers of Torbat-e Heydariyeh and Zaveh. Based on the table of Bartlett et al., the sample size was 380 people. The stratified random sampling method was used for selection of individuals in the community and to analyze the data, the Heckman Tobit two-step model was used. The data gathered from Torbat-e Heydariyeh region’s saffron farmers’ answers to the prepared questionnaire in 2019. Based on the results, the variables of experience, education, consumption of livestock manure and awareness index in the Probit model have a positive and significant effect and the variables of main activity and chemical fertilizer consumption have a negative and significant effect on adopting organic saffron production. The variable of negative attitude towards organic cultivation in the linear regression pattern was significant and positive. Therefore, a negative attitude leads to a tendency of farmers to receive more money for the cultivation of organic saffron. The variables of experience, education and main activity in the linear regression model have a positive and significant effect and the variables of income, farm area and farm age have a negative and significant effect on the willingness of farmers to earn money for organic saffron cultivation. Based on the results, it is suggested that saffron farmers be informed about the management of organic farms, the market for the selling organic products in different ways and prepare requirements for new saffron producers to take benefit from the experiences of skilled saffron producers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Attitude
  • Chemical fertilizer
  • Heckman's two-step method
  • Organic Farming
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