عنوان مقاله [English]
Agricultural sector to meet the requests such as a higher yield, less pollution and fulfill consumer demands due to increasing scarcity of resources is under pressure. According to the importance of efficiency in productivity growth, this index can play an important rule, especially in developing countries, for the development of agricultural systems in order to meet these requests. The aim of this study was to evaluate the technical, economic and allocative efficiency of producers of saffron for Qaen region using data envelopment analysis. Information and data is collected through completion 50 questionnaires in year 2011-2012. Results show that average technical efficiency, allocative and economic in condition of constant return to scale are 0.86, 0.92, and 0.88 and in condition of variable return scale are 0.89, 0.92, and 0.80, respectively. Also, according to the results obtained, educating and advising farmers to the proper use of available resources, and promotion, and the use of appropriate technologies such as improved efficiency is recommended.
Aghaei, M., and Rezagholizadeh, M. 2011. Survey of comparative advantage of Iran in saffron production. Journal of Agricultural and Development Economics. 25(1): 121-132. (in Persian).
Agriculture Jihad Organization Statistics of South Khorasan Province. 2011. The MAJ Database. Available at Web site http://www.maj.ir. (verified 5 November 2012).
Akbari, N., Zahedi Keivan, M., and Monfaredian Sarvestani, M. 2008. Investigation efficiency of performance of the livestock industry in the country. Journal Economics. 8(3): 141-160. (Persian in)
Alirezaie, M., Afsharyan, M., and Analoie, B. 2007. Calculation of productivity growth The total factor assistance DEA non-parametric model: Case study The electricity industry. Journal of Economic Research. 78: 177-206. (in Persian)
Babaeii, M., Rastegari pur, F., and Sabuhi, M. 2012. Investigation efficiency of greenhouse cucumber with Interval data envelopment analysis. Agriculture Economics and Envelopment. 26(2): 117-125. (in Persian)
Bjurek, H.L., Hjalmarsson, L., and Forsund, F.R. 1990. Deterministic parametric and nonparametric estimation in service production. Journal of Econometrics. 46: 213-227.
Charns, A., Cooper, W.W., and Rhodes, E.L. 1978. Measuring the efficiency of decision making units. European Journal of Operational Research, 2: 424-449.
Coelli, T., Parsada, R., and Battese, E. 1998. An introduction to efficiency and productivity analysis Bostone, Kluwer Academic Pub.
Daneshvar Kakhki, M., Farahmand Gelyan, K. 2012. Review of interactions between e- commerce, brand and packaging on value added of saffron: a structural equation modeling approach. African Journal of Business Management. 6(26): 7924-7930.
Emami Meibodi, A. 2001. The principles measuring efficiency and productivity (Scientific- Experimental). Institute of commercial Tehran research studies, Bazargani Publishing. (in Persian)
Esfandiari Kenari, M., Shakraki, J., and Karbasi. A. 2011. Surveying economic departments industrial nourishment laying hens in iran. Master's thesis. University of Shiraz (in Persian).
Eslamii, M., and Mahmoodi, A. 2005. Estimation efficiency and return to scale of pomegranate growers, Case study: Yazd Provence. Agriculture Economics and Envelopment. 239-256. (in Persian)
Farrel, M.J. 1957. The measurement of productive efficiency. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 120(3): 253-281.
Helfand, S., and Levine, E.S. 2004. Farm size and the determinants of productive efficiency in the Brazilian Center-West. Agricultural Economics, 31: 241–249.
Jam Nia, A. 2007. Determination of economic efficiency of fishing units in Chabahar region. MSc thesis, College of agricultural, Zabol University. (in Persian)
Kumbhaker, S., and Lovell, C.A.K. 2000. Stochastic frontier analysis. United Kingdom. Cambridge University Press.
Mehrgan, M. 2004. Evaluation of organizations performance: quantitative approach using data envelopment analysis. First edition, Tehran University publications Institute. (in Persian)
Moazeni, S., Karbasi, A. 2008. Measurement type of efficiency by using Data Envelopment Analysis, Case study: Pistachio growers Zarand city. Agriculture Economics and Envelopment. 16: 1-16. (in Persian)
Mohammadi, H., and BarimNejad, V. 2005. Efficiency of technical, economic, allocates and scale in production cooperatives using stochastic frontier methods and data envelopment analysis (case study of harmed plain in Qom province). Fifth biennial conference of Iranian agricultural economics society, Sistan and Baluchestan University, Zahedan. (in Persian)
Moradi Shahrbabak, and H., Yazdani, S. 2005.Determination of economic efficiency and effective factors on potato production in Kerman province, Fifth biennial conference of Iranian agricultural economics society, Sistan and Baluchestan University, Zahedan. (in Persian)
NaghshinehFard, M., Mohammadi, H., Farajzadeh, Z., and Ameri, A.A. 2011. Determination of efficiency and total factor productivity of salmon breeding units in Fars province. Journal of Research and Economic Policies, 19(57).133-156. (in Persian)
Rahbar Dehghan, A., Esmaeili Dastjerdipur, A., and Dahmarde, N. 2012. Calculation of various efficiency and return to scale in milk industry, Case study: Gorgan Province. Journal of Planning and Budgets. 17(4): 145-159. (in Persian)
Sabuhi., M. 2013. Apply mathematical programing model in economic agricultures by using excel. Frist edition, Tehran, University of Zabol, Science light.
Sargazi., A.R., and Sabuhi., M. 2011. Estimated amount of additional water used in irrigation of greenhouse units in Sistan region using data envelopment analysis method, Second national conference of data envelopment analysis, Islamic azad university, Rasht. (in Persian)
Vitzel., M. 2002. A short history of efficiency. Business Strategy Review, 13, 38- 47.