تحلیل اثرات روانشناختی اجتماعی (امنیت شغلی و کیفیت زندگی کاری) بر افزایش رضایت شغلی زعفران‌کاران شهرستان بافق

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی کوتاه

نویسنده

مربی گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه اردکان.

10.22048/jsat.2018.95424.1253

چکیده

احساس امنیت شغلی و بهبود کیفیت زندگی کاری از جمله عواملی هستند که ممکن است رضایت شغلی زعفران­کاران را تأثیر قرار دهد و باعث افزایش کارایی آنان شود. هدف از پژوهش حاضر تحلیل اثرات روانشناختی اجتماعی (امنیت شغلی و کیفیت زندگی کاری) در افزایش رضایت شغلی زعفران­کاران شهرستان بافق بود که با استفاده از تحلیل همبستگی انجام گرفته است. جامعه آماری شامل تمامی زعفران­کاران شهرستان بافق بودند که با استفاده از جدول مورگان نمونه­ای به حجم 205 نفر به روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند و با پرسشنامه­های امنیت شغلی، کیفیت زندگی کاری و رضایت شغلی مورد آزمون قرار گرفتند. داده­ها با استفاده از روش­های آماری ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون خطی تجزیه و تحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان داد که امنیت شغلی و کیفیت زندگی کاری رابطه معنی­داری با رضایت شغلی داشتند (01/0>p). همچنین امنیت شغلی و کیفیت زندگی کاری به طور معنی­داری رضایت شغلی را پیش­بینی کردند (001/0>p). نتایج تحقیق حاکی از آن است که این دو متغیر (امنیت شغلی و کیفیت زندگی کاری)، متغیرهای مهمی در جهت رضایت شغلی مطلوب در زعفران­کاران بودند، بنابراین پیشنهاد می­شود سازمان­های کشاورزی مربوطه سعی کنند محیط کاری امن، جالب و برانگیزاننده به وجود آورند تا تعهد، خلاقیت و سختکوشی افزایش یابد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of social psychological effects (job security and quality of work life) on increasing job satisfaction of saffron farmers in Bafgh city

نویسنده [English]

  • Razieh Jamaati Ardakani
Lecturer, Department of Psychology, Ardakan University.
چکیده [English]

Job security and improving the quality of work life are among the factors that can affect the job satisfaction of saffron workers and increase their productivity. The present study aims to analyze the social psychological effects (job security and quality of work life) on increasing job satisfaction of saffron Farmers in Bafgh city, which is done using correlation analysis. The statistical population consists of all saffron Farmers in Bafgh city. Using Morgan table, a sample of 205 individuals is selected through simple random sampling and tested by job security, work life quality and job satisfaction questionnaires. Data are analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient and linear regression. The results show that job security and quality of work life have a significant relationship with job satisfaction (p < .01). Also, job security and quality of work life significantly predict job satisfaction (p < .001). The results of the research indicate that these two variables (job security and quality of work life) are important variables for optimal job satisfaction among saffron farmers. Therefore, it is suggested that the relevant agricultural organizations try to create a safe, interesting and stimulating working environment to increase commitment, creativity and hard work.

Keywords: job security, quality of work life, job satisfaction, saffron farmers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • job security
  • quality of work life
  • Job Satisfaction
  • saffron farmers

Dales, B. 1997. Personnel, the mamagement of people at work. Max Well Macmillian International Edition.

Dunnette, M.D. 1996. Handbook of industrial and organizational psychology. 1: 1297-1343.

Fourie, A.S. 2004. Predicting satisfaction with quality of work life. Master thesis, University of South Africa.

Ghorbani, F., Khosravani, V., Jamaati, R., Alvani, A., and Akbari, H. 2016. The mediating effects of cognitive emotion regulation strategies on the relationship between alexithymia and physical symptoms: Evidence from Iranian asthmatic patients. Psychiatry Research 247: 144-151.

Hadizadeh Talasaz, Z., Nourani Saadoldin, S., and Shakeri, M.T. 2015. Relationship between components of quality of work life with job satisfaction among midwives in Mashhad. Hayat21 (1): 56-67.

Harrington, B., and Ladge, J.J. 2009. Corporate social accounting in Australasia. Research in Corporate Social Performance and Policy 7 (1): 251-277.

Jahani, Z. 2004. The relationship between Teacher's Job satisfaction with advancement motivation and teaching skills. Master's Thesis, Allameh Tabataba'i University. (In Persian).

Khaleghi Sorosh, F. 1988. Systematic review of employees' job security. M.Sc. Thesis, Tehran University, School of Management. (In Persian).

Khosravani, V.,  Alvani, A.,  Sharifi Bastan, F., Jamaati, R.,  and Akbari, H. 2016. The alexithymia, cognitive emotion regulation, physical symptoms in Iranian asthmatic patients. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences 101: 214-219.

Kloep, M., and Tarifa, F. 1994. Working conditions, work style, and job satisfaction among Albanian teachers. International Review of Education 40 (2): 159-172.

Koustelios, A., Kouli, O., and Theodorakis, N. 2003. Job security and job satisfaction among Greek fitness instructors. Perceptual and Motor Skills 97 (1): 192-194.

Krueger, P., Brazil, K., Lohfeld, L., Edward, H. G., Lewis, D., and Tjam, E. 2002. Organization specific predictors of job satisfaction: findings from a Canadian multi-site quality of work life cross-sectional survey. BMC Health Services Research 2 (1): 6.

Li, J., and Yeo, R.K. 2011. Quality of work life and career development: perceptions of part-time MBA students. Employee Relations 33 (3): 201-220.

Lillydahl, J.H., and Singell, L.D. 1993. Job satisfaction, salaries and unions: The determination of university faculty compensation. Economics of Education Review 12 (3): 233-243.

Loo Sees, B. 2005. Quality of work life and job performance among Malaysian executives in the electrical and electronics industry in Selangor. Ph.D. Desertation. University Putra Malaysia.

Mirkamali, S.M. 2004. Behavior and Relation in Organization and Management. (3nd Ed). Yastoroon Publication, Tehran. (In Persian)

Mosadeghrad, A.M., Ferlie, E., and Rosenberg, D. 2008. A study of the relationship between job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention among hospital employees. Health Services Management Research 21 (4): 211-227.

Mouhr, A.T., and Puck, J.F. 2007. Role conflict, general manager job satisfaction and stress and the performance of IJVs. European Management Journal 25 (1): 25-35.

Nekouei, M.H., Othman, M., Masud, J., and Ahmad, A. 2014. Quality of work life and job satisfaction among employee in government organizations in IRAN. Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research 4 (1): 217-229.

Özer, G., and Günlük, M. 2010. The effects of discrimination perception and job satisfaction on Turkish public accountants’ turnover intention. African Journal of Business Management 4 (8): 1500-1509.

Saghaeian, R. 2011. Relationship between job security and organizational justice with job performance of employees of National Iranian Drilling Company in Ahvaz city, Master's thesis, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Branch. (In Persian).

San Park, J., and Hyun Kim, T. 2009. Do types of organizational culture matter in nurse job satisfaction and turnover intention?. Leadership in Health Services 22 (1): 20-38.

Saraji, G.N., and Dargahi, H. 2006. Study of quality of work life (QWL). Iranian Journal of Public Health 35 (4): 8-14. (In Persian).

Sarmad, GH. 1993. Organizational Behavior. Tehran: Iran Banking Institute. (In Persian).

Sirgay, M.J., Efraty, D., Siegel, P., and Lee, D.J. 2001. A new measure of quality of work life (QWL) based on need satisfaction and spillover theories. Social Indicators Research 55 (3): 241-302.

Spector, P. E. 1997. Job Satisfaction. London: Sage Publications Thousand Oaks.

Sy, T., Tram, S., and O’Hara, L.A. 2006. Relation of employee and manager emotional intelligence to job satisfaction and performance. Journal of Vocational Behavior 68 (3): 461-473.

Tavakoli, A., Lagzian, M., Davodniya, A., and Alizade Zavarm., A. 2014. Investigating the relationship between quality of working life based on Walton's model and job satisfaction (Case Study: Razavi Khorasan Gas Company). Journal of Change Management 9 (3): 89-103. (In Persian).

Tsai, P.C.F., Yen, Y.F., Huang, L.C., and Huang, C. 2007. A study on motivating employees’ learning commitment in the post-downsizing era: Job satisfaction perspective. Journal of World Business 42 (2): 157-169.

Walton, R.F. 1973. Quality of work life: what is it?. Sloan Management Review, Fall.

Zeinali Pour H., Noor Rahmani M., and Qureshi A. 2014. The study of relationship between quality of work life and job satisfaction of high school teachers in Bandar Abbas. American Journal of Life Science Research 2 (1): 118-124.