بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر تمایل کشاورزان افغانستان به تداوم کشت زعفران (مطالعه موردی: استان هرات)

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد

2 دانشیار گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد

3 استاد گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد

10.22048/jsat.2019.177614.1340

چکیده

زعفران یکی از محصولات کشاورزی است که در سال­های اخیر مورد توجه کشاورزان افغانستان قرار گرفته است. با توجه به موقعیت استثنایی زعفران افغانستان در دنیا، بررسی تمایل کشاورزان این منطقه به تداوم کشت این محصول از اهمیت ویژه­ای در توسعه این محصول و ارتقاء سطح جهانی آن برخوردار است. لذا هدف از انجام این پژوهش بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر تمایل به تداوم کشت زعفران در بین کشاورزان استان هرات افغانستان می­باشد. آمار و اطلاعات این پژوهش از طریق ابزار پرسشنامه و مصاحبه­ی حضوری با زعفران­کاران استان هرات، به روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی ساده با 202 نمونه در سال 1397 تهیه و میزان تمایل به تداوم کشت زعفران­کاران به 4 گروه خیلی کم، کم، متوسط و زیاد طبقه­بندی شد. نتایج به‌کارگیری الگوی لاجیت ترتیبی نشان داد متغیرهای عملکرد، قیمت، اندازه خانوار کشاورز، تجربه­ی زعفران­کاری و سرمایه در دسترس، اثر مثبتی بر افزایش تمایل به تداوم کشت این محصول توسط زعفران­کاران دارند؛ درحالی‌که متغیرهای درآمد غیرکشاورزی، سن و نیروی کار در جهت معکوس بر تمایل به تداوم زعفران­کاری اثرگذارند. در انتها پیشنهاداتی در جهت نیل به هدف پژوهش ارائه شده است. که ازجمله می­توان به اعطای تسهیلات کم ‌بهره به کشاورزان برای دسترسی آسان­تر و ارزان­تر به نهاده­های تولید و به‌کارگیری تکنولوژی­های نوین نظیر تجهیز آزمایشگاه­ها، بهبود کیفیت بسته­بندی­ها و تجهیزات خشک‌کردن محصول اشاره کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating Afghan farmers' willingness to continue cultivation of Saffron (Case study: Herat Province)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shukrullah Shwoban 1
  • Arash Dourandish 2
  • Mohammad Ghorbani 3
1 MSc. Student of Agricultural Economic Department, Agricultural Faculty, Ferdowsi university of Mashhad, Mashhad
2 Associate Professor of Agricultural Economic Department, Agricultural Faculty, Ferdowsi university of Mashhad, Mashhad
3 Professor of Agricultural Economic Department, Agricultural Faculty, Ferdowsi university of Mashhad, Mashhad
چکیده [English]

Saffron is one of the agricultural products considered for cultivation by Afghan farmers in recent years. Investigation of willingness of farmers in this region to continue cultivating this crop is especially important in developing this product and promoting it at the global level due to the exceptional position of Afghanistan’s saffron in the world. Therefore, the aim of this study is investigating willingness of farmers in Herat to continue production of Saffron. Data was collected using the random sampling method and completing questionnaires and performing personal interviews with saffron farmers in the Herat province in 2018 with 202 samples. The willingness to continue cultivating saffron farmers in the Herat Province was classified into four categories: very low, low, medium, and high. The results of using the ordered Logit model show that the variables yield, price, size of the farmer's household, saffron cultivation experience and capital have a positive influence on increasing willingness to continue cultivation of this product by saffron producers. On the other hand, non-agricultural income, age and availability of labor have an inverse effect on willingness to continue saffron production. At the end, suggestions are provided to achieve the research’s goal. These include provision of low-cost facilities for farmers to provide easier and cheaper access to utilization of new technologies such as use of laboratories, improvement of packaging quality and drying equipment.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • willingness to Continue Cultivation
  • Saffron
  • Ordered logit
  • Herat
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